Location: Cardiovascular Circulation DVad @ 13fe14bd8114 / MainDVad.cellml

Author:
Hanne <Hanne@hanne-nielsens-macbook.local>
Date:
2010-06-10 11:06:48+12:00
Desc:
Added images in ai svg and png format
Permanent Source URI:
https://models.cellml.org/workspace/cardiovascular_circulation_dvad/rawfile/13fe14bd8114c208c66f3b720e45f56530fcabe0/MainDVad.cellml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<model xmlns="http://www.cellml.org/cellml/1.1#" xmlns:cmeta="http://www.cellml.org/metadata/1.0#" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bqs="http://www.cellml.org/bqs/1.0#" xmlns:cellml="http://www.cellml.org/cellml/1.1#" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:vCard="http://www.w3.org/2001/vcard-rdf/3.0#" xmlns:ns7="http://www.cellml.org/metadata/simulation/1.0#" cmeta:id="MainDVad" name="MainDVad">

<documentation xmlns="http://cellml.org/tmp-documentation">
    <article>
      <articleinfo>
        <title>Lumped-parameter model of the systemic circulation with displacement pump VAD support</title>
        <author>
          <firstname>Yubing</firstname>
          <surname>Shi</surname>
          <affiliation>
            <shortaffil>Sheffield University</shortaffil>
          </affiliation>
        </author>
      </articleinfo>
      <section id="sec_status">
        <title>Model Status</title>
        <para>
            This model describes the human cardiovascular dynamics under a displacement pump type ventricular assist device (VAD) support using lumped-parameter modelling, based on the concept of hydraulic-electric analogue. The original model was implemented using C language. Due to the difference of description language and procedural language, some features such as the heart valve dynamics can not be realised effectively, and have to be simplified in the current CellML implementation.</para>
			<para> The current CellML model implementation runs in OpenCell. The results have been validated against the original C implementation as well as those published data in literature.
</para>

      </section>
      <sect1 id="sec_structure">
        <title>Model Structure</title>
        <para>
The model comprises three main parts: the heart, the systemic loop, and the displacement pump VAD, as illustrated in Fig. 1.  The heart is modelled as a two-chambered pump with variable elastance and two heart valves to control the direction of blood flow. The systemic loop is sub-divided into a number of segments, namely: the aortic sinus, artery, arteriole, capillary and vein segments. In each segment, individual components are modelled by representations of the local resistance to blood flow, vessel elasticity and the inertia of the blood. The displacement pump VAD is described by prescribed pump inlet/outlet flow changes.
</para>

<informalfigure float="0" id="system_configuration">
<mediaobject>
  <imageobject>
    <imagedata fileref="dvad.png"/>
  </imageobject>
</mediaobject>
<caption>Schematic of the system configuration of the cardiovascular model</caption>
</informalfigure>

<para>
The complete original model was presented in the following papers:
</para>

<para>
A concentrated parameter model for the human cardiovascular system including heart valve dynamics and atrioventricular interaction, Korakianitis T, Shi Y, 2006. <emphasis>Medical Engineering and Physics</emphasis> 28, 613-28, <ulink url="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16293439">PubMed ID: 16293439</ulink>.</para>

<para>
Numerical simulation of cardiovascular dynamics with different types of VAD assistance, Shi Y, Korakianitis T, Bowles C, 2007. <emphasis>Journal of Biomechanics</emphasis> 40(13), 2919-2933, <ulink url="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17433816">PubMed ID: 17433816</ulink>.
</para>

      </sect1>
    </article>
  </documentation>

<import xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="Units.cellml">
<units name="UnitP" units_ref="UnitP"/>
<units name="UnitQ" units_ref="UnitQ"/>
</import>

<import xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="ModelLeftHeartT.cellml">
<component component_ref="LeftHeart" name="LHeart"/>
</import>

<import xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="ModelSysT.cellml">
<component component_ref="ModelSysT" name="Vessel"/>
</import>

<import xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="ModelDPump.cellml"><component component_ref="ModelDPump" name="Vad"/>
</import>

<component name="environment">
<variable name="t" public_interface="out" units="second"/>
</component>

<connection>
<map_components component_1="environment" component_2="LHeart"/>
<map_variables variable_1="t" variable_2="t"/>
</connection>

<connection>
<map_components component_1="environment" component_2="Vad"/>
<map_variables variable_1="t" variable_2="t"/>
</connection>

<connection>
<map_components component_1="environment" component_2="Vessel"/>
<map_variables variable_1="t" variable_2="t"/>
</connection>

<connection>
<map_components component_1="LHeart" component_2="Vessel"/>
<map_variables variable_1="Po" variable_2="Pi"/>
<map_variables variable_1="Qo" variable_2="Qi"/>
<map_variables variable_1="Pi" variable_2="Po"/>
<map_variables variable_1="Qi" variable_2="Qo"/>
</connection>

<connection>
<map_components component_1="Vad" component_2="LHeart"/>
<map_variables variable_1="Qvi" variable_2="Qm"/>
</connection>

<connection>
<map_components component_1="Vad" component_2="Vessel"/>
<map_variables variable_1="Qvo" variable_2="Qm"/>
</connection>

  <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bqs="http://www.cellml.org/bqs/1.0#" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:vCard="http://www.w3.org/2001/vcard-rdf/3.0#">
    
    <rdf:Description rdf:about="">
      <dc:title>Lumped-parameter model of the systemic circulation with displacement pump VAD support</dc:title>
      <dc:creator>
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          <rdf:li rdf:parseType="Resource">
            <vCard:N rdf:parseType="Resource">
              <vCard:Family>Shi</vCard:Family>
              <vCard:Given>Yubing</vCard:Given>
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            <vCard:ORG rdf:parseType="Resource">
              <vCard:Orgname>The University of Sheffield</vCard:Orgname>
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              <vCard:Family>Hose</vCard:Family>
              <vCard:Given>Rod</vCard:Given>
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              <vCard:Orgname>The University of Sheffield</vCard:Orgname>
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      </dc:creator>
    </rdf:Description>

    <rdf:Description rdf:about="#MainDVad">
      <bqs:reference rdf:parseType="Resource">
        <dc:subject rdf:parseType="Resource">
          <bqs:subject_type>keyword</bqs:subject_type>
          <rdf:value>
            <rdf:Bag>
              <rdf:li>cardiac</rdf:li>
              <rdf:li>cardiovascular circulation</rdf:li>
            </rdf:Bag>
          </rdf:value>
        </dc:subject>
      </bqs:reference>

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        <bqs:Pubmed_id>16293439</bqs:Pubmed_id>
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          </dc:creator>
          <dc:title>
            A concentrated parameter model for the human cardiovascular system including heart valve dynamics and atrioventricular interaction
          </dc:title>
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            <dcterms:W3CDTF>2006</dcterms:W3CDTF>
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            <dc:title>Medical Engineering and Physics</dc:title>
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          <bqs:last_page>628</bqs:last_page>
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        <bqs:Pubmed_id>17433816</bqs:Pubmed_id>
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                <bqs:Person rdf:parseType="Resource">
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          </dc:creator>
          <dc:title>
            Numerical simulation of cardiovascular dynamics with different types of VAD assistance
          </dc:title>
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            <dcterms:W3CDTF>2007</dcterms:W3CDTF>
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          <bqs:Journal rdf:parseType="Resource">
            <dc:title>Journal of Biomechanics</dc:title>
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          <bqs:volume>40</bqs:volume>
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          <bqs:last_page>2933</bqs:last_page>
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</model>